Cash flow formula
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This post was written by Mae

The cash flow formula is very important because it allows creditors and investors to see how successful an organisation’s operations are and whether it is making enough money to sustain and grow the business.

This idea is especially significant for financial forecasting because it can help show the health of a business.

Of course, it is important to openly report your quarterly cash-related reports and annual cash flow statement.

What the cash flow formula is for

Also known as cash flow, it is a calculation that measures the cash a company produces from its core operations and business activities by subtracting operating expenses from its total revenues.

Basically, it shows how much cash flow it generates from business operations without taking into account secondary sources of income such as interest or investments.

For example, a company that manufactures gadgets must make more money selling them than it costs to produce them.

In other words, cash inflows must always be greater than cash outflows for the business to be profitable and successfully pay its bills.

There are two ways to calculate cash flow

 

formula for calculating the cash flow

The first is to subtract operating expenses from total revenues.

This calculation is simple and accurate, but does not give investors much information about the company, its operations or sources of cash.

This is why most companies use the second way to calculate cash flow: Net income before taxes and extraordinary items = xxx

Plus: Non-cash and non-operating items that have already been charged to the income statement.

This part takes into account decreases in current operating asset accounts, except for cash and cash equivalents.

These can be decreased in trade debts, accounts receivable, inventories, stock in trade, prepaid expenses, etc.

Minus: Non-cash and non-operating items that have already been credited to the income statement.

This is the increase in current operating asset accounts (i.e. increase in trade debts, accounts receivable, inventories, stock in trade, prepaid expenses, etc.)

Here is the decrease in current operating liabilities accounts, except for bank overdraft (i.e. decrease in creditors, invoices payable, outstanding expenses, etc.)

This would be the gross cash generated by (used in) operations before tax = xxx

Less: Income tax paid.

Plus/Minus: Extraordinary items, if any. Cash flow (used in) operating activities = xxx

It is essentially converting the operating section of income into a statement on a cash basis.

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